China is reportedly actively intervening in the Eurozone crisis especially with the issue on Greek default and has promised to throw in more funds to force both parties to continue talking.
For China, a collapsing Europe is too bad for business, i.e. who would buy their products if there are no markets?
China calls for Greek debt talks to continue
China’s Foreign Ministry on Wednesday called for talks between Greece and its creditors to continue, after the country defaulted on a loan with the International Monetary Fund.
The IMF said that Greece had not made its scheduled 1.6 billion euro ($1.8 billion) loan repayment to the fund. As a result, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde will report to the global lender’s board that Greece is “in arrears,” the official euphemism for default.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said that China wanted to see a united European Union and a strong euro.
“So we hope that the relevant creditors can keep talking with Greece to try and reach agreement as soon as possible and appropriately resolve the crisis now faced,” Hua told reporters at a regular press briefing.
“From China’s point of view we hope to see that the EU and euro zone can appropriately resolve this issue and Greece can continue to remain in the euro zone. This accords with the interests of all sides. China will continue to play a constructive role in this regard,” Hua said.
China sees Greece as a portal into both Europe and Africa for the distribution of Chinese products. The EU is China’s largest trading partner and China is the EU’s second-largest trading partner.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said during a visit to Brussels this week that China did not want to see Greece leave the euro zone and that China would continue to buy euro zone debt.
In February, Li urged Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras to ensure protection of the rights of China’s companies and backing for a port project.
China’s Cosco manages two of the Piraeus port’s cargo piers. Under a privatization scheme last year, it had been shortlisted, along with four other suitors, as a potential buyer of a stake of 67 percent in the port.
(Reporting by Ben Blanchard, Writing by Michael Martina; Editing by Jacqueline Wong)
Meanwhile in the Greek Parliament and elsewhere…
Greece debt crisis: Alexis Tsipras reportedly backs down
News that the Greek prime minister has finally accepted its creditors’ terms (albeit with a few conditions) has been met with fury on the left in Greece, reports Helena Smith:
Before Alexis Tsipras has even made his much anticipated address to the nation – explaining the details of the proposal – the country’s communist party has described the deal as “the worst bailout” ever.
“They are shamefully fooling the Greek people. This proves that their “no” is in fact a “yes” to new loan accords that go against the people,” the party’s leader Dimitris Koutsoumbas railed in a statement. “We will cancel all of this,” he said referring to Sunday’s referendum. We will say no to the memoranda [bailout accords] , yes to resistance.”
The anti-capitalist bloc, Antarsya also issued a blistering attack on the government, saying whatever it was called the accord amounted to a third bailout that would further impoverish Greeks. ‘The negotiations of submission between the government and the troika have to stop now,” said the far left group adding that the time had come to break with the European Union and write off the country’s debt altogether.
“The no [that we will say] to the troika’s black proposal for a new heavier round of bailout pillaging, is at the same time a heavy no to the continuous proposals of a government that is continually accepting ever more hard-hitting bailout terms that in reality serve the supporters of yes.”
Both statements highlight just how difficult it will be for the left-led coalition to enforce any agreement that is reached with creditors.
As the FT first reported, “Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras will accept most of the bailout creditors’ conditions offered last weekend, but is still insisting on a handful of changes that could thwart a deal according to a letter he sent late on Tuesday night.”
The two-page letter to the heads of the European Commission, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank and obtained by the Financial Times, elaborates on Tuesday’s surprise request for an extension of Greece’s now-expired bailout and for a new, third rescue rescue worth €29.1bn.
The letter was sent as eurozone central bankers were preparing on Wednesday to raise the heat on Greece and its banks by restricting their access to emergency loans, a decision that could topple at least one Greek bank.
Although the bailout’s expiry at midnight Tuesday night means the extension is no longer on the table, Mr Tsipras’ new letter, which marks a significant climbdown from his previous position, could serve as the basis of a new bailout in the coming days.
Eurozone finance ministers are due to discuss Mr Tsipras’ new proposal in a conference call at 5:30pm, Brussels time (4.30pm BST).
Mr Tsipras’ letter says Athens will accept all the reforms of his country’s value added tax system with one significant change: keeping a special 30 per cent discount for Greek islands, many of which are in remote and difficult-to-supply regions.
As Bloomberg added, “The letter is the latest indication that Tsipras may be more willing to yield to prevent the nation’s economy from cratering after more than five years of crisis-fighting. Today, euro area finance ministers will weigh the bid from Tsipras, while European Central Bank policy makers will discuss whether to maintain their emergency lifeline.”
And as per the WSJ, “in the new letter sent to the country’s lenders late Tuesday night, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras proposes changes on several key parts of measures at the center of a five-month standoff between the two sides over funding Greece desperately needs.”
Those include a later start of pension overhauls and exceptions on sales-taxes for certain Greek islands, measures that lenders already rejected when talks broke down last week.
“If Friday’s proposals (from creditors) are the baseline, these measures would significantly increase (the) fiscal gap,” said one official. “And lots of clarifications would be needed on other aspects,” the official added.
A second official said that the proposals from Mr. Tsipras are a weakening of the measures that have been discussed and would not be well received by the three institutions that oversee eurozone bailouts–the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund. A third official echoed that assessment.
A senior Greek government official said that the Greek government was not planning to send additional proposals with more concessions on Wednesday.
The letter is the latest in a flurry of drama over the bailout. In the last week, Greece has called a referendum on demands made by creditors and closed its banks to stop a flow of money out of the country. On Tuesday, it became the first developed country to default on the IMF, as the rescue program that has sustained it for five years expired.
The full letter, which was not denied by the Greeks, can be found below:
To be sure, equity markets around the globe, and especially in Europe soared while bond markets tumbled, when the news firstt hit just around 11am CET.
Curiously, this happens even after news that in one of the first polls conducted since the referendum announcement a majority of the Greeks would be willing to side with Tsipras gambit and vote No:
And yet, the question is: just what offer is Greece conceding to – the one which expired yesterday? And then there is also the question whether Europe is even willing to budge at this point, since it goes to the very core of the matter: just who is it that wants a Grexit (recall: according to Goldman, a Greek exit is just what the ECB wants to boost QE).
To be sure the first countr headlines from the Troika were anything but supportive.
- EURO ZONE SOURCE SAYS TSIPRAS LETTER CONTAINS ELEMENTS MINISTERS WILL FIND HARD TO ACCEPT.
Schauble made it quite clear that the Greek offer has now expired, and “any further negotiations on aid to Greece would be more difficult and fall under the European Stability Mechanism, which incidentally is just what Tsipras had requested overnight. He had a few more comments:
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS SECOND LETTER FROM TSIPRAS HAS ACHIEVED NO CLARITY
- SCHAEUBLE: TALKS BEFORE GREEK REFERENDUM MAKE NO SENSE
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS ACCORDING TO IMF RULES, GREECE IS INSOLVENT, IMF CAN NO LONGER PAY OUT AID
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS SEES NO UNCONTROLLABLE RISKS TO GERMAN BUDGET DUE TO CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS, INCLUDING FROM GREECE
SCHAEUBLE SAYS NOTHING CHANGED IN FACT THAT THERE WAS NO AGREEMENT BETWEEN GREECE, CREDITORS BY MIDNIGHT
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS OLD EFSF PROGRAMME FOR GREECE HAS EXPIRED, NOW A NEW ESM PROGRAMME WOULD BE NEEDED WITH DIFFERENT CONDITIONS
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS THERE IS NO BASIS TO HAVE SERIOUS NEGOTIATIONS WITH GREECE AT MOMENT
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS GREECE HAS TO MAKE CLEAR WHAT IT WANTS
- SCHAEUBLE SAYS WE ARE IN A COMPLETELY NEW SITUATION WITH GREECE, WE ARE ALWAYS READY TO TALK
Others joined in: Reuters cites Italy’s PM who said that Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras announced plans for a referendum on European bailout conditions for political reasons and the vote is “highly risky.”
Austria’s FinMin Schelling said should the Greeks vote no in a referendum on Sunday on whether to accept Athens’ creditors’ bail-out terms, no new talks would be possible with the cash-strapped nation. “If Greece votes no, no further talks will be possible,” he said on the sidelines of an economic event.
More from Reuters:
Euro zone officials said a letter sent to creditors by Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Tuesday contained conditions for Athens’ acceptance of a loan offer that at least some governments would find hard to accept.
The letter, seen by Reuters on Wednesday, said Greece would accept terms published by the European Commission on Sunday but with a number of amendments, including maintaining a reduction on value-added tax for Greek islands and maintaining a pension supplement for the richest beneficiaries for the time being.
“There are still a lot of loose ends,” one euro zone official said. “The letter mentions, for example, reform of the labour market from autumn. It’s just one sentence, not more.
“I don’t think the Eurogroup still believes those promises just like that. By the way, they’re asking for the extension of a programme which has already expired.”
But the biggest hurdle by far is that Greece still seems intent to proceed with the Referendum. Clearly at this point withdrawing the popular vote would be political suicide for Tsipras who just two days ago, full of bluster, addressed the nation and saying it would not be blackmailed. Flipping on that position would hardly win him any popularity points.
Which begs the question: is this merely the latest ploy in the blame game, in which Greece can say: look, we tried absolutely everything, and they still did not budge, just to assure a “No” vote.
Ironically, it is Europe who now appears to desire a referendum as much as Greece.
And what happens then?
To be sure, many “game theoretical” elements and nobody really has any idea what happens next as the Grexident unfolds.For now, however, at least the algos are happy if gradually fading the initial kneejerk bounce higher even as the EUR has now seen right through this latest diplomatic ruse and fallen back to unchanged since before the announcement.
This last graph begs the question why are going along with this? Why are we subscribing to a system that is inherently unreliable?
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